The St. Gallen Management Model

Managing in a Complex World is based on “The St. Gallen Management Model” (SGMM). The current version of the SGMM follows a long and rich tradition, consolidates the development work of the past years, and conceptualizes management at the cutting edge of scientific research.


“For decades, the St. Gallen Management Model has firmly established itself
as a factor orienting the professional self-image of many managers. The authors
have very astutely developed the model and brought it up to date in what
makes straightforward and pleasurable reading. The model thus continues to
act as a beacon, especially in the turbulent times we are currently experiencing.”

Professor Rudolf Wimmer, University of Witten / Herdecke


The SGMM distinguishes a management-oriented task perspective and a communication-centric, impact-oriented practice perspective. Both perspectives highlight key aspects of management practice and complement each other.

The SGMM is a working tool, based on a strong didactic foundation, and serves in-depth reflection on management. It supports teachers and students in better understanding organizations and management, and businesspeople in further developing organizational value creation and management practice.

It consists of a book, an eBook, and downloadable didactic visualizations (as of the date of publication) that facilitate concrete work with the model.

Managing in a Complex World

The St. Gallen Management Model (SGMM) is not simply a collection of conceptual schemes, but also a scientific book that presents two complementary perspectives on the interplay of environment, organization, and management in the form of an integrated model:

- The task perspective discusses the design fields of an integrative management practice in the interplay of environment, organization, and management.
- The practice perspective illuminates the prerequisites for effective and responsible management practice.

This latest version of the St. Gallen Management Model (SGMM) integrates all previous versions and places particular emphasis on solid didactic transferability. The book is available in German and English.